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what is cbd, how does cbd work, what does CBD do

CBD- A to Z

Featuring MyCureAll- Empowering Insurance Companies to Reimburse for Medical Cannabis

CBD has become so popular. It seems that it is available everywhere and in everything. It is being sold in stores, online, at markets, at trade shows, at restaurants (food/beverage infusion); let’s just say- if you turn left: CBD, turn right: CBD, look down: CBD, look up: CBD.

So much CBD that according to a recent report from the American Botanical Council it beat turmeric in 2018 as the top-selling herbal dietary supplement in US natural- and health- foods sales channels.

We (the team at MyCureAll, and I) believe in the beauty, power, and healing of CBD and because of that, we want to equip you with information. It is critical that one be knowledgeable about: hemp vs. marijuana, milligrams, dosages, how CBD works with/impacts the ECS (Endocannabinoid System), the differences between full spectrum and isolate, etc.

It’s important to have as much insight as possible so that the best choices can be made. People have reported amazing results from CBD consumption, and others- not so great. Information is still needed regarding consumption methods for certain conditions; perhaps an oil tincture isn’t effective for the reason/condition that one is consuming it for.

It’s possible that one is focusing on CBD capsules when CBD smokable flower is the better, most effective option. Often times, people consume edibles, not knowing whether they are infused with full spectrum or isolate- but the thing is, many aren’t aware that these factors should be considered when shopping for CBD products.

This piece is focused on CBD. The goal is to educate and inform on just about all things CBD; from what CBD stands for to terpenes, to pharmacist approved and what that means, and things in between. This is your guide to CBD.

What is CBD?

CBD is one of the two most popular cannabinoids (there are about 100 cannabinoids- with reports of more being discovered) in plant Cannabis. CBD stands for: cannabidiol and is said to be non-psychoactive (more on this later); it doesn’t have a strong impact on cognitive brain activity and doesn’t cause the “high” that THC produces.

CBD can be found in Cannabis hemp (the legal hemp plant?) and Cannabis marijuana (more on that later). If the CBD comes from hemp, generally, it has .3% THC or less. If the CBD comes from marijuana, chances are, higher percentages of THC will be found.

It’s really important to note that generally, CBD doesn’t cause a THC high. Cannabis- both CBD and THC- can impact each person differently. More on this in the following sections.

The ECS- Endocannabinoid System

Our bodies- naturally- have an Endocannabinoid system: the natural cannabis-like molecules produced by the human body. Like a Cannabis plant- mammals also produce cannabinoids. The ECS has a prime operating reason: accepting cannabinoids throughout the body. UCLA Health says this about the ECS:

“It appears the main function of the endocannabinoid system is to maintain bodily homeostasis — biological harmony in response to changes in the environment. Taxonomic investigation revealed that the endocannabinoid system is incredibly old, having evolved over 500 million years ago. Moreover, it is present in all vertebrates — mammals, bird, reptiles, amphibians, fish, etc, all produce endocannabinoids!”

Here’s how Cannabis and ECS work together:

Bio Remedies MD

CBD Doesn’t Create the Mental High that THC Creates

Hear about this from MyCureAll’s team of Clinical Pharmacists, who have been interviewing MyCureAll patients on their physical and mental responses to treatment with CBD:

“CBD gives you the benefits of marijuana without the high, or more specifically, without the mental blunting and without the euphoria that typically accompanies the consumption of THC-the psychoactive cousin of the hemp plant, marijuana.

What does remain is calmness, very palpable body relaxation similar to what is felt on marijuana, and pain relief with or without muscular relaxation (depending on what original problems existed). This seems to be annoyingly unsatisfying to a smoker of marijuana as they do not achieve the euphoria, but for a patient looking for relief while remaining in control of all their faculties it is perfect and our patients love being able to remain fully functional and capable while resolving their symptoms.”

CBD Hemp vs CBD Marijuana

This area of discussion is so important. Many are not aware that hemp CBD comes from Cannabis and that hemp is a Cannabis plant. Cannabis is the mother plant and grows both marijuana (high THC/low CBD) and hemp (high CBD/0.3% THC or less).

Hemp and marijuana are, taxonomically speaking, the same plant; they are different names for the same genus (Cannabis) and species”– Phys(.org).

The differences appear where THC is being considered. If breeders are breeding for THC, they will be growing marijuana. Leafly, states the following:

“Breeders typically breed to purify and strengthen strains, combine strain traits, or enhance specific characteristics like higher yields, specific aromas, potency, and many other things.”

Additional explanations/ breakdowns:

“Hemp is exactly the same plant as recreational cannabis, from which CBD can also be extracted. What happens when you’re growing the plant for stalks is you have very small leaves. There’s very little THC in those leaves”- Pieter Cohen, MD, Harvard Medical School Internist.

“Each of these unique goals require a specific species of cannabis bred for that goal. For example, almost all industrial hemp seeds produce very little THC. If extracting THC for recreation is your goal, it is going to be almost impossible to do this with industrial hemp seeds. Vice versa some THC dense strains of cannabis produce shorter & thinner stalks. This means that they would not be sought after for harvest hemp biomass fibre”- Kush(.com).

CBD Forms and Consumption

what is cbd, how does cbd work, what does CBD do
Candid Magazine

CBD, like THC, is available in so many products, offering multiple ways to consume.

· CBD Flower: looks just like marijuana flower, even smells like it. CBD flower can be CBD flower from hemp and/or marijuana. If it’s federally legal CBD flower from hemp, it will have .3% or less THC. If it’s CBD from marijuana, THC levels will vary depending on strain. A few CBD flowers from hemp strains: Fruity Pebbles, Cherry Wine, and Lifter. A few CBD flowers from marijuana strains: Harlequin, Cannatonic, and Pennywise.

Consumption Method- Oral: smoking, dry herb vaping, and juicing.

· CBD RSO: RSO stands for: Rick Simpson Oil- a concentrated form of cannabis oil (different from oil tinctures) known to have medical benefits and particularly popular for cancer. This too- can be derived from hemp and/or marijuana.

RSO tends to be high in THC, Indica leaning, though there are Sativa dominant RSO options. And though there are CBD options, those options usually contain higher levels of THC than the federal limit of <0.3%. RSO is different from oil tinctures; it’s very sticky and thick due to the way the Cannabis oil is extracted from the flower (isopropyl alcohol is used- also known as 2-propanol, dimethylcarbinol, and/or rubbing alcohol, then boiling to remove the solvents, which creates a sticky, wax like texture).

Some reports say that RSO is full spectrum, others argue that it is not, due to the extraction process and boiling, which harms some of the terpenes. Most information out there will state full spectrum.

Consumption Method- Oral: swallowing the dosage or adding it to a piece of food like a cracker or bread and usually can be added to any food.

· CBD Oil Tincture: like CBD flower can be CBD oil from hemp or CBD oil from marijuana. This form goes through an extraction process where the oil is pulled from the flower. Like flower, federally legal CBD oil will contain .3% or less THC, if from marijuana, THC percentages can vary.

Many that are referring to CBD oil from hemp will refer to it as “hemp oil”. CBD-Hemp oil is available in many forms: hemp seed oil, isolate, full spectrum, broad spectrum, and nano (more on these differences following). These same rules apply to CBD oil from marijuana.

Consumption Method- Oral: usually through a dropper, place the oil under the tongue and hold for 60–90 seconds then swallow.

· CBD Edible: sort of like RSO, this is a method of consumption where CBD/hemp oil is infused into the food item and/or beverage: cookie, candy, brownie, lemonade. CBD in this case is an “ingredient” of the recipe.

Consumption Method- Oral: eaten.

· CBD Concentrate: this is a very potent form of consumption by which the cannabinoids and terpenes are extracted from the plant. When one consumes the CBD concentrate (this is what’s pulled out of the plants), they are consumption a very high percentage CBD at one time.

Consumption Method- Oral: vape pen, dab, infused bowl, infused joint.

· CBD Topical: topicals are creams, salves, balms, that have been infused with CBD/ hemp oil. This form is generally used for pain and skin conditions, but also for general skin health.

Consumption Method– Apply to skin.

CBD Full Spectrum — CBD Isolate — CBD Broad Spectrum- CBD Nano

This is where it gets really interesting. Many people- not due to any fault on their part, blindly shop for CBD products. Many are looking for treatment for various conditions and are turning to CBD as an alternative (this is great!) or, because modern medicine has failed them.

What’s not so great is the lack of information that consumers have when shopping. There are some people that report no help from CBD- when asked what they consumed, they can answer: flower, oil, edible. When asked about the spectrum: full, broad, isolate, nano- silence. That factor is very important.

Someone could be consuming an isolate, when their condition is better treated with a full spectrum product. Many are consuming broad spectrum, and nano is really the best option. It’s important to keep in mind that the cannabinoid profile and terpene profile (more on terpenes following) rain supreme in decision making.

The cannabinoids that work best for migraines, may not be the best for anxiety. The terpenes needed to treat inflammation may not be the best terpenes for insomnia.

Full Spectrum: A full spectrum cannabis product will contain all of the compounds that the plant carries: the terpenes, essential oils, and cannabinoids. All of these compounds work together for therapeutic/treatment purposes. Basically- they enhance and uplift one anotherFull spectrum is likely to have some THC.

Broad Spectrum: This is the happy medium between isolate and full- it is sort of- blended. Broad spectrum will have most of the plant’s compounds like full spectrum, but- THC is completely removed.

Isolate: This is known as the purest form because it involves extracting a single compound and “isolating it” from the others. CBD isolate removes all other compounds: the terpenes, essential oils, and other cannabinoids. CBD isolate is primarily CBD from hemp.

Nano: This is the water-soluble option- meaning, it dissolves in water. This doesn’t happen with other forms. Additionally, this form is known to deliver higher levels of CBD into the bloodstream.

Dosing 101

This is a very important factor when considering the effectiveness of a CBD product that is being consumed. Typically, CBD flower and concentrates refer to potency in terms of percentages; example: 18% CBD; 0.3% THC.

Generally, for CBD oil tinctures, edibles, beverages, and some topicals, potency is listed in milligrams- mg; example: 10 mg, 500 mg, 1500 mg, etc. It is important to understand what this means prior to consuming so that one knows how much to start off with.

Many products do a good job of explaining dosing and recommending where to start. Check out the example below:

what is cbd, how does cbd work, what does CBD do
MyCureAll

MyCureAll’s CBD Tincture shows: the mg’s in the bottle- 1000 mg, also that it is broad spectrum oil, less than 0.3 THC, Pharmacist approved, and made in the USA. They even have the lab results available for review prior to purchase.

what is cbd, how does cbd work, what does CBD do
MyCureAll

Using this is an example- and using the information from the COA (Certificate of Analysis — the lab results) and the product info online:

– This bottle has 1000 mg of broad spectrum, hemp CBD.

– This equals to 30 grams and translates to- 30 servings

– 1 full dropper equals 1 full serving

– 30 servings, divided by 1000 mg = 33.33 mg per 1 full serving.

– Because it is broad spectrum, this bottle has not only CBD, but also CBG, and CBDA which are other cannabinoids hence, broad spectrum and not just isolate.

CBD Research Studies and Discussion

There have been numerous studies conducted on Cannabis and medical conditions like: cancer, depression, opioid and alcohol addiction, multiple sclerosis, migraine, and more. CBD specifically, has been said to effectively treat these conditions and more.

Leadership at MyCureAll suggest review of the following:

· Procon.org: History of Marijuana as Medicine 2900 BC to Present. https://medicalmarijuana.procon.org/view.timeline.php?timelineID=000026​.

· UCLA Health: The Endocannabinoid System: https://www.uclahealth.org/cannabis/human-endocannabinoid-system.

· National Conference of State Legislatures: Medical Uses of Marijuana. http://www.ncsl.org/research/health/state-medical-marijuana-laws.aspxn​.

· American Lung Association: Marijuana and Lung Health. https://www.lung.org/stop-smoking/smoking-facts/marijuana-and-lung-health.html​.

CBD helps achieve relief of symptoms, calm of anxiety, deeper undisturbed sleep, relaxation of overworked/strained body muscles, relief of nerve pain, and faster recovery from workouts — especially in athletes really pushing their bodies, even subdues menstrual symptoms that normally take NSAIDs and other medications to control”- MyCureAll’s team of Clinical Pharmacists.

Methods/ Forms of Consumption- For Certain Medical Conditions

It’s recommended that everyone do their own research for their specific condition and challenges- also, it’s a good idea to discuss with your doctor/therapist/pharmacist.

Information, studies, and insight from medical professions recommend:

Migraine: Flower inhalation- dry herb vaping due to immediate impact. Migraines must be stopped before getting up to full speed. The effects of oil, edibles, and RSO will take longer to feel due to the delayed impact. Dr. Rav Ivker, in his book: Cannabis for Chronic Pain.

SAD: CBD oil- a study researched CBD’s effects on people with SAD- seasonal affective disorder. Participants were given an oral dose of 400 mg of CBD or a placebo. Those who received CBD experienced overall reduced anxiety levels.

Schizophrenia/ Psychosis: NCBI- Pub Med.gov, says that studies show CBD having great promise for the treatment of psychosis, and is associated with fewer extrapyramidal side effects than conventional antipsychotic drugs.

“One of our patients took our CBD tincture to treat her menstrual cramps. CBD helped relax the muscles around the area to allow more blood flow- to and away from the area, (clear debris and possibly relieve some of the pressure of the blood building in the area) allowing for the cycle to happen faster. Similar to adding heat through a heat patch, it would help blood flow faster through the area by causing vasodilation. CBD helped with pain relief as well. The same patient also experienced waking up through out the night every night her whole life, but reported- “the deepest, continuously undisturbed sleep of her life” when she took our tincture before bed”- MyCureAll’s team of Clinical Pharmacists.

Terpenes Matter and Contribute to CBD Effects

what is cbd, how does cbd work, what does CBD do
Dine Magazine

Potency matters when considering how Cannabis will impact you. Terpenes are just as important. Terpenes are considered the scent of the plant. They are organic compounds, produced by the plant. These compounds play an important role in the effects that one will feel when consuming Cannabis/hemp.

While the mg and percentages let one know how strong the product is, the terpenes are the effects that Cannabis/hemp give us. Terpenes are responsible for the calm feeling, the relaxation, the reduction of pain, etc.

Leafly, says to think about it like cheese: bleu cheese, feta, mozzarella- all “cheese”; however, the texture is different, the taste is different, and they are used for different dish types.

What Does Pharmacist Approved Mean?

MyCureAll’s team of clinical staff breaks this down:

“Using our products as an example: our CBD products are pharmacists approved because we only source domestic, high quality products. We have our team of Pharmacists analyze the ingredients to ensure each product has the labelled concentrations of cannabinoid/terpenes to produce the desired effects, based on our experience in the field. Our Pharmacists have conducted hundreds of patient interviews to tailor the most effective strains for our lineup of products.

We also employ established standard procedures to make sure our product remains clean, using pharmaceutical ISO level standards for cleanliness.”

In Closing;

I want to repeat the importance of understanding CBD prior to consuming CBD. Insight, as much of it as possible, is the best way to ensure the best choices can be made. CBD is medicine; however, with the market growing at the rate that it is, safety and knowledge are key. Safe, clean, and Pharmacist backed CBD is the best place to start and end the search.

The team at MyCureAll leaves us with this:

In the light of inconsistency in the CBD market, lack of medical information, dosage, protocols and poor FDA oversight, we provide medical professionals and consumers, education on proper usage of CBD products. We started our own CBD product line with our Pharmacists regulated protocols and product management, to provide the market with safe CBD products.”

Please join the MyCureAllMovement– insurance companies must cover medical cannabis!

Originally published by author in Medium

About the Author: Veronica Castillo

I love all things Cannabis. That beautiful plant has healed me from so much. I am an advocate and supporter of full legalization and believe in #mybodymychoice. My goal in is to educate and inform about all things cannabis, bring awareness to the good that the plant delivers, to be your eyes at events, and report back you. I will traveling the west coast in 2020- hitting the road on a journey to cover all things cannabis and hemp! I will keep you informed and introduce you to people, businesses, and brands in the industry. In addition to finding me here on CBDHempEvent.com, you can find me on: Medium and Instagram.